How to Teach Kids to Share and Cooperate: A Comprehensive Guide

Teaching children to share and cooperate is a crucial part of their social development. These skills foster empathy, enhance communication, and encourage team-building abilities. However, it can be a challenging task for parents and educators as children naturally tend to be possessive about their belongings. This article guides you through practical steps to instill these important values in children.

Step 1: Set an Example:

Children learn best by observing adult behavior. Show them how sharing works in real life. For example, divide a dessert with your partner, or share your favorite book with a friend. Express verbally that you're sharing and how it makes you feel. This way, they will understand that sharing is a normal part of social interaction.

Step 2: Use Storytelling:

Children's books and stories are excellent tools for teaching life lessons. There are several books that illustrate the importance of sharing and cooperation, such as "The Rainbow Fish" by Marcus Pfister or "Should I Share My Ice Cream?" by Mo Willems. These stories can help children grasp the concept of sharing and its associated benefits.

Step 3: Encourage Group Activities:

Involving children in group activities is another effective way of teaching them to share and cooperate. Plan games or tasks that require teamwork. Activities like puzzles, building blocks, or relay races can help children understand the importance of cooperating to achieve a common goal.

Step 4: Practice Turn-taking:

Initiate games that involve turn-taking like board games or playing catch. This helps children understand that everyone gets a chance to participate and enjoy. Be sure to explain the rules clearly before starting the game.

Step 5: Positive Reinforcement:

Praise your child when they share or cooperate with others. Positive reinforcement makes them feel good about their actions and encourages them to repeat the behavior. However, avoid rewarding them with gifts or treats as this can lead to the expectation of a reward every time they share.

Step 6: Discuss Feelings:

Talk about how it feels when others refuse to share with them and contrast that with how good it feels when others share. This helps build empathy – a key component of sharing and cooperation.

Step 7: Be Patient:

Remember, teaching kids to share and cooperate takes time. There will be setbacks, but don’t give up. Reinforce these lessons regularly until they become ingrained behaviors.


Teaching children to share and cooperate is not just about making your life easier as a parent or educator; it’s about helping them grow into caring individuals who understand the value of teamwork and respect for others' needs and feelings. With patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement, these lessons will eventually become part of their character, aiding their growth into well-rounded individuals.